THE NEW AGREEMENT WITH NATIONAL ISRAEL

The  Creator God  brought the Israelites out of Egypt because  he had a job for them to do and a purpose for their existence as  a nation.  These people were called to be a nation of priests   who would represent God and his plan for the salvation of humanity to the world.

After  Christ's  return to establish the Kingdom of God upon  the earth,  the descendants of Israel will be brought to the land  of their  inheritance. There, they will be formed into a world  power to fulfill their national destiny.

During  this future age, the nation of Israel will  again  assume its  responsibility of  being an example of God's way of life  to the  world.  The city of Jerusalem will again  become  the  focal point  for the worship of God. It is from Jerusalem that Jesus Christ will administer his Father's  government and religion to the nations  of  the  world  while  offering  the  opportunity  for  salvation  to  them.  See Deut.30:1-6; Mic.4:1-7; Joel 3:16-21; Zech.8:1-3.

With  the return of Christ, much of the  literal, prophetic,  and symbolic  meaning  of the sacrificial system  and  the  commanded observances  and  holy  convocations will  have  been  fulfilled. However, the prophecies clearly show that under the new agreement with  national  Israel,  there will be a  sacrificial  system  of worship  along with commanded observances and festivals, which was also done  under  the first agreement with national  Israel.  See  our study  papers concerning the worship system after the  return  of Christ.

Many people wonder if the prophecies concerning the future of national Israel are simply analogies, or if  they have some other meaning that has not yet been discovered.

The Facts

The following biblical facts will help clarify God's  new agreement with national Israel:

Although the Bible gives few details regarding the new system  of worship that will be performed at the new temple in Jerusalem, it is  not  silent when it comes to documenting the  fact  that  the laws, precepts,  and principles that God has  ordained  for  the purpose  of  worshiping him and regulating human behavior will still be in effect during Christ's rule.

Because very  few details are  given about  God's  worship  system after  the  return of Christ, it seems that  the  prophecies concerning it are primarily given to show the continuity of God's  plan for the salvation of humanity after the  return  of  Jesus Christ.

It is logical to assume that, at the appropriate time, God will reveal all  of  the  necessary details concerning  this  future  worship system,  just  as he gave all of the necessary details  and instructions to Moses concerning his worship system for ancient Israel.

Editor's note:

It is important to note that, although the bulk of this study concerns the cancellation of the first agreement with  national Israel and the establishment of a  new  agreement with  them, much of what is said also applies to the righteous Patriarchs and those called to salvation during the gospel age.

GOD REMEMBERS HIS PROMISES

Although  national Israel disobeyed God and did not  fulfill  the purpose for which they had been freed from the bondage and  slavery of Egypt, he has no intention of casting them aside and using another people. Keep in mind  that  centuries  before Israel  became a nation, God made unconditional promises  to the  Patriarchs. Moreover, some of these promises were also made to their  descendants, who include  the Israelites.

"That  in  blessing I will bless you, and in multiplying  I  will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and as the sand  which is  on the seashore. And your seed shall possess the gate of his enemies.  And in your seed shall all the nations of the earth  be blessed  because  you  have obeyed my  voice"  (Gen.22:17-18 Para.).

The  promises to Abraham assured him multitudes  of  descendants and that, through these descendants  and Christ, all the inhabitants of the world would be blessed.

Even though Israel failed to live up to their national  agreement with  God, they still have an opportunity for national  greatness and  salvation  because of God's unconditional  promises  to  the Patriarchs. See 2.Chron.6:14; Psa.89:34; Zech.2:10-12.

"For  you are a holy people to the Lord your God. The  Lord  your God  has chosen you to be his own treasure out of all the  people on the face of the earth. The Lord did not set his love on you or choose  you because you were more in number than any people,  for you  were the fewest of all peoples. But because the  Lord  loved you, and because he kept the oath which he swore to your fathers, the  Lord  has caused you to go out with a strong hand,  and  redeemed you  from the house of slaves, from the hand  of  Pharaoh king  of Egypt. Because of this, know that the Lord your God, he is God, the faithful God, keeping the covenant and mercy to those who  love him, and to those who keep his commands, to a  thousand generations" (Deut.7:6-9 Para.).

"O Lord God of Israel, there is no God like you in the heaven, nor  in the earth; which keeps covenant, and shows mercy to  your servants, that   walk  before  you  with  all   their hearts" (2.Chron.6:14 Para.).

"He will ever be mindful of his covenant" (Psa.111:5 KJV).  

Because  of  his prior commitments to the  Patriarchs,  God  will continue to work with the nation of Israel until his purpose  for humanity is finished.

A NEW AGREEMENT PROMISED

"Behold,  the  days come, says the Lord, that I will make  a  new agreement with the house of Israel, and with the house of  Judah: Not according to the agreement that I made with their fathers, in the day  that  I took them out of the land of  Egypt;  which  my agreement  they broke, although I was a husband to  them,  says the Lord"  (Jer.31:31-32 Para.).

"And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There  shall come  out of Zion the Deliverer, and shall turn away  ungodliness from  Jacob [Israel]: For this is my covenant to them [Israel], when I shall take away their sins." (Rom.11:26-27 KJV).

There is no doubt that God promised to make a new agreement  with national  Israel. It is also clear from the scriptures  that  the first agreement with national Israel has been canceled, and  that Jesus Christ has initiated a new agreement with them. Although a united  national Israel containing all of the twelve tribes has been promised, it does not exist today. So, at what time in the future  will this new agreement be formalized  with them?

After Christ Returns

The  prophet Ezekiel speaks of a future time when Israel will  be gathered  out of the nations and the wicked will be purged  from among them:

"And  I will purge out from among you the rebels, and  them  that transgress against me: I will bring them forth out of the country where  they  sojourn, and they shall not enter into the land  of Israel: and you shall know that I am the Lord" (Ezk.20:38 KJV).  

"As  a shepherd seeks out his flock in the day that he  is  among his  sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my  sheep,  and will  deliver them out of all places where they have  been scattered in the cloudy and dark day. And I will bring them out  from the  people, and gather them from the countries, and  will  bring them to their own land, . . ." (Ezk.34:12-13 KJV).

It is logical to assume that a formal presentation of the new  agreement  with national Israel cannot be made until they are again  a nation.  Therefore, it seems that this  formal  presentation will occur at some point shortly after the return of Jesus Christ as conquering King and the gathering of national Israel.

WHY THE FIRST AGREEMENT FAILED

"For  if  that first agreement had been   faultless,  then  there would have been no need to make a second one.  For finding  fault with  them  [i.e., the people], he said, Behold, the  days come, said the Lord, when I will make a new agreement with the house of Israel  and with the house of Judah. Not according to  the  first agreement   that I made with their ancestors in the day   when  I led them by the hand  out of Egypt; because they did not continue in  my agreement,  and I did not regard them,  said  the  Lord" (Heb.8:7-9 Para.).

The first agreement with national Israel did not work. If it  had worked,  there would have been no need for another  agreement  to replace it.  

The  major  fault  was not with the agreement; it  was  with  the people who were under the agreement. The terms and conditions  of the agreement could be performed—God could perform his part and a number of individuals did perform their part.  However,  it was extremely difficult for individuals to perform their part  of the agreement, because the  people did not have the desire to worship God correctly.  Therefore, God canceled the  first agreement and made a provision in the second  one  to change what was wrong with it—the people.

THE FIRST AGREEMENT CANCELED

Hebrews 10:5-10 Paraphrased

"Wherefore  when he comes into the world, he says, Sacrifice  and offering  you  do not want, but a body have you prepared  me:  In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin you have had no pleasure" (vs.5-6).

God  the Father was not interested in the killing of animals  just for the sake of killing. He had no pleasure in the death of these animals  and he would not have required that they be sacrificed if it were not  for the necessity to atone for the sins of humanity and  to teach the lesson that the penalty for the violation of God's law is death (Rom.6:23).

"Then said I, Lo, I come (in the volume of the book it is written of  me,) to do your will, O God. Above when he  said,  Sacrifice and offering and burnt offerings and offering for sin you do  not want, neither had pleasure in them; which are offered by the law" (vs.7-8).

It would have been much  better if the people with whom God wanted to have a relationship had been able to live before him in obedience to his basic laws of behavior; however, this was not the case. Adam and Eve were not able to live in obedience to God nor were their descendants. Therefore,  the sacrificial system was necessary in order to put people back into right-standing  with God so that they could have a harmonious  relationship with him.

"Then said he, Lo, I come to do your will, O God.  He takes  away the  first,  that  he may establish the second.   By  who's  will [i.e., the Father's will] we are sanctified through the offering of  the body of Jesus Christ once for all" (vs.9-10 quoted  Psalm 40:6-8).

The writer to the Hebrews points out three very important things in verses nine and ten:

1. Christ is now the perfect sacrifice and through him, the first agreement with national Israel has been canceled  and a far better one has been made.

2. The sacrifice of Christ purges away the sin of those whom the Father calls during the gospel age of salvation and sets them apart for a holy purpose.

3. The sacrifice of Christ eliminates the necessity  to  perform animal sacrifices to atone for spiritual sins.

A NEW AND BETTER AGREEMENT

While speaking of God's first agreement with national Israel, the writer  to the Hebrews says that the ministry of Christ  is  more excellent  than  that of the priesthood  who  offered  sacrifices that were only prophetic of what was to  come  from heaven. Additionally, he says that Christ (the Creator God) has instituted a better agreement than the first one. See Heb.8:5.

"But now has he obtained a more excellent ministry, by  how  much also  he is the mediator of a better agreement, which was  established upon better promises" (Heb.8:6 KJV).

The  new agreement is better than the  old one  because  it  is based on better  promises  (i.e., better terms,  conditions, and benefits). Moreover, these  promises are far better than those given in the first agreement  with national Israel.

FIVE MAJOR CHANGES

Although there are many differences between the first and  second agreements  with  national Israel, the following five  major  changes make the second agreement much better than the first one:

1. A Perfect Sacrifice

"For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not  the very  image of the things, can never with those sacrifices  which they  offered year by year continually make the comers thereunto perfect.   For  then would they not have ceased  to  be  offered?  because  that the worshipers once purged should have had no  more conscience  of sins.  But in those sacrifices there is  a remembrance  again  made of sins every year.  For it is  not  possible that  the blood  of bulls and of goats should  take  away  sins" (Heb.10:1-4 KJV).  

The sacrifices had to be  given  year  after year  yet they  could never save the people from  their sins, because it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins.  The reason for this is that an inferior being cannot pay the penalty for a superior being's violation of the law:  a human life is superior to that of an animal life. Humans were created  inferior to the angels, but with the potential to become superior to them; neither animals nor  angels  have this  potential.

The  inadequacy of the  sacrifices  is  another reason  the  first agreement is inferior to the new  one. Animal sacrifice  could only provide a temporary stay of  execution  for the violator of God's law. Under the sacrificial system, before the  advent  of the Messiah, the penalty for a violation of  the law could only be temporarily set aside by the blood of a sacrificial animal.  Therefore, there was a  need for a perfect sacrifice and  a  new agreement.

2. A Perfect High Priest

Hebrews 7:11-16 KJV

"If  therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood,  (for under  it  the people received the law,) what  further  need  was there  that  another priest should rise after the order  of Melchizedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron?  For   the priesthood   being changed, there is made of necessity a  change also of the law.  For he of whom these things are spoken pertains to  another tribe, of which  no man gave attendance at the  altar" (vs.11-13).  

"For  it is evident that our Lord  sprang out of Judah; of  which tribe  Moses spoke nothing concerning priesthood.  And it is  yet far  more evident: for that after the similitude  of Melchizedec there arises another priest, Who is made, not after the law of  a carnal commandment,  but  after the power of  an  endless  life" (vs.14-16).

Under  the first agreement with national Israel, the High  Priest was to act as a bridge between God and his people. Because the high priest himself was guilty of sin and under the death penalty, he was also in need of a perfect sacrifice and a perfect high priest to intervene to God on his behalf.

Because of the imperfection of the sacrifices and the High Priest of  Israel, no human could pass beyond the Creator God  and  into the  presence of God the Father. But why not? The reason  is because  the Father dwells in heaven, and any human who is  allowed to  come  into his presence must be totally  sinless,  holy,  and righteous.  No  human could qualify or had the  authority  to  go before him prior to the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, because all people were  under the death penalty for the violation of  the  Father's law before the advent of Christ.

Hebrews 7:11-16 shows a change in the conditions of the agreement with  Israel. This change allows the elect of  God  during  the gospel  age  of salvation to go directly before  God  the  Father without going to a physical priest and having him speak to  God on  their behalf, which was done under the first agreement  with  ancient Israel.

"Therefore, when Christ came into the world, he said:  'Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but a body you prepared for  me; with burnt offerings and sin offerings you were not pleased. Then I said, Here I am—it is written about me in the scroll—I have  come to do your will, O God . . ..He sets aside the  first  to establish  the second . . .. Day by day every priest stands and  performs  his religious duties; again and again he offers  the  same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. But when this  priest had  offered for all time one sacrifice for sins, he sat down  at the right hand of God" (Heb.10:5-12 NIV).

Jesus Christ is now the High Priest who sits at the right hand of God  the Father in heaven. Furthermore,  because of his sacrifice  and  the new agreement,  there is a new, life-giving way to gain access to the very presence of God the Father.

"Having  therefore, brethren, boldness to enter into the  holiest by  the  blood of Jesus, By a new and living way,  which  he  has consecrated for us, through the vail, that is to say, his flesh; And  having a high priest over the house of  God"  (Heb.10:19-21 KJV).

"But  now has he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how  much also  he is the mediator of a better agreement, which was  established upon better promises" (Heb.8:6 KJV).

Through  his  sacrifice, Jesus Christ is now  the  immortal  high priest  and  the mediator of the new and better  agreement, which is built upon new and better promises from God the Father to his people.

3. The Forgiveness of Sin

"And so all Israel shall be saved:  as it is written, There shall come  out of Zion the Deliverer, and shall turn away  ungodliness from  Jacob:  For this is my covenant to them, when I shall take away their sins" (Rom.11:26-27 KJV).

Until  the Messiah came and offered himself as a  perfect  sacrifice,  all of Israel and the rest of humanity were lost and doomed to death, because there was no adequate sacrifice to pay for the sins of  humanity. Therefore, if the Messiah had not come, or if he had failed in his mission to offer himself as the perfect  sacrifice, all of  humanity  would be doomed because they would have no way to be saved  from eternal death.

"And  every priest stands daily ministering and  offering  oftentimes  the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:  But this  man, after he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God" (Heb.10:11-12 KJV).

"If the plan that leads to doom was glorious, much more  glorious is the plan that makes men right with God" (2.Cor.3:9 LBP).

The  first agreement failed because of the inherent  weakness  of the  human spirit, which resists the law and will of God.  The  new agreement  with national Israel offers Jesus Christ as its atoning power and the transformation of the  human spirit through the power of the Father's holy spirit.

The  reason  that the first agreement with the nation  of  Israel could lead to death as well as life was because of a problem with the  people, not the agreement. Therefore, God corrected  this problem with a new and better agreement.

Although  the  law  revealed what sin was  and  the  sacrificial system  showed how to have sin temporarily set aside,  the  flesh was  weak  and the people found it difficult to  keep  the  law. Because they knew what sin was but were not able to keep the  law, they  had no hope of being saved from eternal death, because  the penalty for breaking the law is death (Rom.6:23).

Righteousness and the Law

"And it shall be our righteousness, if we observe to do all these commandments  before  the Lord our God, as he has  commanded  us" (Deut.6:25 Para.).

"For  whoever  shall keep the whole law, and yet  offend  in  one point, is guilty of breaking the whole law" (Jms.2:10 Para.).

When speaking of the benefits of the new agreement over the  old, the  apostle  James said that, if a person who is  seeking  to  be justified before God by keeping the law breaks any one of  these laws, that person is guilty of breaking all of the law.

Humans can forgive, but they have great difficulty forgetting  an offense against them. However, the Father's forgiveness is  total—he will not only totally forgive our sin but also totally forget our sin:

"He has not dealt with us according to our sins;  or  punished us according  to our lawlessness.  For as the heaven is  high  above the  earth, so great is his mercy toward those who fear him.   As far as the east is from the west, this is how far he has  removed our transgressions from us" (Psa.103:10-12 KJV).

"For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their  sins and their lawlessness I will not remember" (Heb.8:12 Para.).

A  person who is forgiven  under the terms and conditions  of  the  new agreement will never have to worry about being punished for  past violations  of  God's  law, because their sin is gone as  if  it had never existed.

The Blood of Christ

The  violation of God's law requires that the violator be put  to death  (Ezk.18:4,20; Rom.6:23). Under all of the  old  agreements, the  Creator God allowed the life of an animal to be  substituted for the life of the violator, in order to temporarily set people's sins aside.

In  order to form a new and better agreement  (Heb.8:1-10),  this same Creator God came to earth as a human and sacrificed his  own life  as  a substitute for the lives of those  who  violated  his Father's law. His sacrifice enabled the sins of humanity to be forgiven (Isa.43:11; 45:21). See our study  paper  concerning Christ's last Passover and his sacrifice for humanity.

It  is through Jesus Christ's perfect sacrifice and  intercessory authority  with the Father that everyone who agrees to be a part of the new  agreement can have their sins forgiven and forgotten by  the Father.  See Psa.103:8-13; Isa.1:18-19 and our study paper  concerning salvation.

The  writer to the Hebrews confirms that the sacrifice of  Christ  is the ultimate and final  sacrifice for the forgiveness of sin:

"How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God? And for this cause he is the  mediator of the new testament, that by means of  death,  for the redemption of the transgressions that were under  the  first testament,  they  which are called might receive the promise  of eternal inheritance" (Heb.9:14-15 KJV).

The  perfect sacrifice of Jesus Christ removes the  sins of those under the new agreement. And because of Christ's perfect  sacrifice, the Father forgets those  sins forever, so that his  children can stand before him as  righteous individuals. Once Christ made the  perfect sacrifice, there was no longer a need for any  other sacrifice to be made for  the  atonement  of  spiritual sins.

4. The Law Placed Within

"But this shall be the agreement that I will make with the  house of Israel; After those days, says the Lord, I will put my law in their  inward  parts, and write it in their hearts; and  will be their God, and they shall be my people" (Jer.31:33 Para.).

"For  this is the covenant [agreement] that I will make with  the house  of Israel after those days, says the Lord; I will  put  my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be  to them a God, and they shall be to me a  people"  (Heb.8:10 KJV).

"This  is  the  covenant that I will make with them  after  those days, says the Lord, I will put my laws into their hearts, and in their  minds  will I write them;  And their sins  and  iniquities will I remember no more.  Now where remission of these is,  there is no more offering for sin" (Heb.10:16-18 KJV).

Because people  who lived before  the second agreement was made did not have the law of  God as a part of their mental and  spiritual  make-up,  they found it very difficult to obey and worship God properly. For this reason, God decided that  he  would form  a new agreement and include a provision to change what  was wrong with people by placing his laws in their minds and spirits.

God has only one set of laws that show people how to behave toward each other and how they should worship him. Therefore, the law being spoken of in Jeremiah chapter 31  and Hebrews chapters  8 and 10 is the same law that he gave  to  the nation of Israel as a part of the first agreement with  them.  This is the law that is written in the hearts and minds of people under the new agreement. In other words, God will write  these laws in their very being and thereby make the  law a part  of the thinking process of individuals he calls  to  salvation.

5. The Holy Spirit

After the return of the Messiah, anyone who agrees to the terms and conditions of the new agreement will have no excuse for not being able to fulfill their part of this agreement. Moreover, they will have no excuses for not being able  to  successfully obtain salvation, because under the new agreement, each person has the tools to guarantee success if they use the tools properly.

The  most  important tool that God gives people to help  them  in their  effort to please him and obtain salvation is the  holy spirit. Understanding  the importance of this tool, King David asked God not  to take his holy spirit from him. David knew that this was the tool that  God gave him to help him obtain salvation and secure eternal and immortal life:

"Create  in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit  in me.  Cast me not away from your presence; and take not your  holy spirit  from  me. Restore to me the joy of  your salvation;  and uphold me with your free spirit" (Psa.51:10-12 KJV).

Prior  to  and during the first agreement with  national  Israel,  various  attributes and functions of the holy spirit  were  given to  a  few people; however, there were limitations placed on  the  kinds  of attributes, functions, qualities, and power, that were given. The scriptures also show that many of these individuals who had  this spirit power within them will be in the first resurrection.

The  holy spirit that David had is the  same power that is  given to  those who are called during the gospel age of salvation and to  those  who  will  live under the new agreement with national  Israel in order to help  them secure eternal life. See Lk.11:9-13;  Rom.8:26-27; Eph.4:21-32;  6:17-18, and our study paper about the  spirit of God.

SUMMARY     

A  careful  study of the scriptures reveals that all  of  the terms  and  conditions that were in God's first  agreement  with national Israel are a part of the new agreement. The only  exceptions are those items specifically changed or superseded  by Christ's sacrifice (among these are the Passover observance and the  temple worship system).  Many other things such as keeping the commandments, the annual observances and festivals, and health laws are  a part of the terms of the new agreement, and the  people of God today and those in the future are bound by the new agreement to keep these terms.

Under  the  new agreement with national Israel, there  is  a better method by which a person can secure salvation and  eternal life.   This  new method will succeed where the  old  one  failed because it has a perfect sacrifice, a perfect High  Priest,  the forgiveness of sin, the law placed within our minds and spirits, and the indwelling of the holy spirit.

Salvation During Christ's Reign

The  way  to salvation is a growth process that requires  an  ongoing effort in order to receive eternal and immortal life:

"Wherefore,  my  beloved, as you have always obeyed,  not  as  in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out  your own salvation with fear and trembling. For it is God which works in you both to   will and to do his good pleasure"  (Phil.2:12-13 KJV). See also Gal.6:3-10.

The  overall  plan of God for the salvation of humanity  has  not changed  from the foundation of the world. Part of this  plan  is that  humans must come into conformity with his laws   of  behavior.  A fundamental teaching in the Bible is that one  must  put forth a serious, heartfelt effort to change from the disobedience of God's law to the obedience of his law before being granted  salvation.  This type of change  takes time, effort, and life  experience.

During  the  reign of Christ, and under the  new  agreement  with national  Israel and humanity as a whole, people will live  in  a world  of  peace and prosperity. During this future age, God  the  Father will offer the opportunity of salvation to all people.  However, it  will  be  the responsibility of each individual  to  make  an ongoing  effort to live a righteous life and   develop  spiritual maturity in order to secure eternal life.

An Everlasting Agreement

The new agreement with national Israel, the elect of God, and the rest  of humanity concerning how to obtain salvation  will  never fade  away; it will continue to exist after the return of  Jesus Christ until God's plan for the salvation of humanity  is  finished:

"Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our  Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant [agreement], Make you perfect in every good work  to do his will, working in you that which is  well-pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom be glory for ever and ever. Amen" (Heb.13:20-21 KJV). See Matt.26:27-28; Lk.22:20.

After the return of Jesus Christ,  all people will have an opportunity to receive the spirit of God, which will give them the spiritual strength  to successfully obey God (Jer.50:19-20 Para.).

Today, before the return of Christ, the New Covenant brings with  it an  opportunity  to be among the first of humanity to be  made  a son of God the Father just as  Jesus Christ is.  The New Covenant offers an eternal inheritance of the earth and the universe,  plus a spiritual inheritance so fantastic that it  cannot even be comprehended by the human mind.  All of this and more is  offered by God the Father to those he offers salvation under the new agreement in this age of human existence.

Contract Ratification

After  the Israelites  left Egypt and were camped at the  foot of Mount Sinai, they made an agreement with God to do whatever he told them. In return for this obedience God promised to give them tremendous blessings.

Moses  wrote this agreement in a book, read the agreement to  the people,  and  again they agreed to do whatever  God  required  of them.  Then, Moses sprinkled the book and the people  with animal blood; thereby, he ratified and sealed the agreement.

The  blood that was sprinkled upon the people and the  agreement was  symbolic  of the blood of Jesus Christ, which  would  forgive their sins and ratify and seal the new agreement between God the Father,  national  Israel,  and the rest of  humanity.  See  Acts 20:28; Eph.1:5-7; Col.1:12-14, 20; Heb.10:19-22.

The Blood of Christ

"And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them,  saying, Drink you all of it; For this is my blood of the new  testament,  which  is  shed  for  many  for  the  remission  of  sins" (Matt.26:27-28 KJV). See Also Eph.1:7.

"This  cup is the new agreement in my blood, that  is  being poured out for you"  (Lk.22:20).

"After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had  supped, saying,  This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do  you, as  often  as you drink it, in remembrance  of  me"  (1.Cor.11:25 KJV).

The  first agreement that God made  at Mount Sinai with  national Israel   was canceled  on the Passover in 30 A.D. with the  death and  resurrection  of Jesus Christ. The events  surrounding  this Passover  and the death and resurrection of humanity's  Redeemer also ratified a new agreement with Israel and the rest of humanity.  In  this same year  on the Feast of Pentecost,  many  of  the various  terms,  conditions, and promises of the  new  agreement began to go into effect for all of those called to salvation  during the gospel age:

"By calling this covenant  "new," he has made the first one obsolete;  and  what  is  obsolete and aging  will  soon  disappear" (Heb.8:13 NIV).

By V. O. Jones and B.L. Cocherell, file b4w15