PENTECOST 30 A.D.

The day of Pentecost in 30 A.D. was an extremely significant occasion  in the plan of God. On this Pentecost, one method by which a person could gain salvation ended and a new and better method began. On this Pentecost, the first covenant with national Israel began to come to an end and a new and better covenant was established for future generations of Israelites, the first sons of the Father's New Creation, and the rest of humanity. In addition to the enactment of a new covenant,  many prophecies reached  their partial or total fulfillment.

Wait in Jerusalem

Before  and after his death and resurrection, Jesus promised to send the holy spirit to reside within those whom the Father calls to salvation:

"If  you love me, keep my commandments. And I will  petition  the Father, and he will give you another comforter that he may remain  with  you  forever  the spirit of truth, whom  the world cannot  receive  because it does not see him, nor know him. But you  know  him,  for he abides with you, and shall be in  you"  (Jn.14:15-17 Para.). See also Jn.16:13-14.

Power From Heaven

It is important to note that the power of the holy spirit was  available  to  the disciples on a limited basis while Jesus  was  with them.  However, Jesus promised the  permanent residence  of the holy spirit within those who are truly  converted  to  the Father's way of life:   

"And he said, Yes, it was written long ago that the Messiah  must suffer and die and rise again from the dead on the third day; and that this message of salvation should be taken from Jerusalem  to all the nations;  There is forgiveness of sins for all who  turn to me.  You have seen these prophecies come true. And now I  will send the holy spirit upon you, just as my Father promised.  Don't begin telling others yet—stay here in the city until the  holy spirit comes and fills you with power from heaven"  (Lk.24:46-49 LBP). See also Acts 1:4-8.

Here, we see Jesus prepares his disciples for the moment when the Father would do the following:

The Day of Pentecost

Exactly  50  days after the lift offering and  the  ascension  of Jesus Christ to the Father to be accepted as the first-fruits  of the  harvest of humanity, about 120 people,  including  the disciples, gathered to observe the Day of Pentecost (Acts 1:12-15).

Some  Bible Scholars believe that the disciples and the others  gathered in one of the large rooms or porches of the temple that were available for public use. This may be  true, because the temple area could accommodate over 200,000 people, and a large number  of  people  heard those who had received  the  holy spirit speaking in foreign languages. The meeting of the 120 at the temple would have also made it easy for Peter to speak to the large group of people of  whom nearly three thousand accepted Christ as  their  savior. See Acts 3:8-11; 5:12; Jn.10:23-25.

This  particular  Day of Pentecost was an  extremely important day for those gathered at the temple and for the rest of humanity. The  fact  that the disciples were gathered  together on Pentecost should tell  us that these followers of Jesus still felt that the Feast of Weeks was to be celebrated. Why else would they  have  been gathered together on the first day of the week, a day which would have otherwise been a normal work day?  Why would  they leave  their homes, jobs, and other responsibilities  unless  this day was an observance that was still required as a part of their  worship of God?

"And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place" (Acts 2:1 KJV).

The English phrase 'was fully come' is translated from the Greek word  'sumpleroo', which indicates a specific point in time.  This  day  of Pentecost was not like any other Pentecost in history; this particular Pentecost was on a specific point in time that had been set  aside before the creation of the earth as the ending and the beginning of many things within God's plan for humanity.

Both the prophetic and symbolic meanings  of  this day  were  fulfilled in exact detail in  accordance with  the prophecies  concerning God's promise of salvation under  the  New Covenant.

In the Fullness of Time

Before this specific Pentecost, God the Father had sent his  son to  fulfill his plan for the redemption of humanity and to make  it possible for them to become a part of his family. This Pentecost was the day  that  a large number of the  prophetic first-fruits  of  the wheat  harvest would be adopted by the Father into his family  as his sons.

"But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth his  Son, having  come out of a woman, having come under the law,  that  he might  redeem the ones under the law, that we might  receive the adoption  of sons. And because you are sons, God has  sent  forth the  spirit of his Son into your hearts, crying,  Abba!  Father!" (Gal.4:4-6 Para.).

The Fire of God

"And suddenly there came a sound from heaven as a mighty  rushing wind, and it filled the house where they were sitting. And  there appeared  unto  them cloven tongues like as of fire, and  it  sat upon each of them" (Acts 2:2-3 KJV).

Before the advent of Christ, we cannot find any record of such an event occurring, and there is no reference to it ever occurring again after the advent of Christ. This was  a  one-time event  that was performed for a very special purpose at a  very special moment in history.  

During this Pentecost,  the fire of God descended upon those who were present. This  was  the fire of the spirit that was present when Moses met the Creator God  at  the burning bush. This was also the fire that descended upon Mount Sinai, upon the tabernacle, and upon the temple that Solomon built in  order  to show that the Creator God had placed his name and presence there.

It  is important to understand that the fire of God consumes  all things that are impure, because nothing impure can  dwell  in the presence of God. However, the people that were present this Pentecost were not impure;  they were  chosen by God the Father to be among the first of humanity to partake  of his divine nature. They  had been   purified  through the sacrificial blood of Jesus Christ; therefore, they were not destroyed  by  the power of God that came to rest upon  and  within them.

Just  as  this fire descended upon the tabernacle  and  upon  the temple  that  Solomon built, on this festival of  Pentecost,  the spirit-fire of God descended upon the children of the New  Covenant; thereby,  the Father had placed his name and presence  within  a new Temple where he would meet with his people.

On this Pentecost, the place where it was necessary to worship God was changed from  a physical building to a living temple of flesh.   This  is the  hour  Jesus spoke of when he told the woman of Samaria  the hour  would  come  when God's place of  worship  would  be changed  and  people would  be able to  worship the Sovereign Father in  spirit and in truth (Jn.4:19-24).

The Holy Spirit

As the fire from God rested upon those whom the Father had chosen to become his sons, the holy spirit began to reside within  them, and  they were transformed into spiritual sons of God at that moment.

"They were all filled with the holy spirit and began to speak  in foreign languages as the spirit gave them the gift of speech" (Acts 2:4-6 The Jerusalem Bible).

"And there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every  nation under heaven. Now when this was noised abroad,  the multitude  came together and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language" (Acts 2:5-6 KJV).  

This  was the first proof that those people who were touched by the fire of God  had indeed received the holy spirit and had been made  a part  of  the Family of God. See  Jn.14:21;  15:1-7; Rom.8:9-11; Gal.6:18; Phm.1:25.

Notice  that  all of the foreign languages that  were  spoken by these people were  understandable to the listeners, without the need for  an  interpreter.  Perhaps this miracle was not only of speaking foreign  languages, but also of understanding for those who were listening.

These Galileans were speaking in the particular dialects of those present:  

"And  how hear we every man in our own tongue [dialect]   wherein we  were  born?" (Acts 2:8 KJV).

"How  does  it happen that each of us hears them in his own native languages?" (Acts 2:8 The Jerusalem Bible).

In  Acts 2 verses 9 and 10,  there are at least 17 different  language  groups referred to. The thing that was so  astonishing  to those  who were present was the fact that each person heard the wonderful works of God spoken in their own particular language.

"We hear them speak in our language the wonderful works of God. And they were amazed and were in doubt, saying  one to another, What does this mean? Others mocking said, These men are full of new wine" (Acts 2:11-13 Para.).

Many people clearly understood what was being  said,  whereas others  apparently did not.

There is no doubt that, on this Day of Pentecost, both  speakers and hearers were the beneficiaries of a special miracle  from God.  There was no incoherent speech, no unknown languages to decipher, no  interpreters  were  needed—all  those who were intended to understand the message understood it clearly.

The  prophetic  importance of this manifestation pointed  to  the fact that God was beginning an effort to proclaim his message of salvation to other  people besides  Israel.

"But Peter, stood up with the eleven, and said to them, You men of Judea, and all you that dwell in Jerusalem, know this, and pay  attention to  my words: For these are not drunk, as you suppose, since it is only the third hour of the day [about 9 a.m.]" (Acts 2: 14-15 Para.).

Nine  o'clock  in the morning is a very important  time  because this is about the time that the Lift Offering of barley flour was made during the days of Unleavened Bread. The Lift Offering  was symbolic of Jesus  Christ as  the  first-fruits  of  God the Father's  spiritual  harvest  of humanity.

Nine o'clock in the morning was also the time when the two leaven loaves  of bread from the first-fruits of the wheat harvest were  presented  to God for his acceptance. In Acts 2:14-15, we see the acceptance of these  individuals  as sons of God by the imparting of  the  holy spirit; they were the first-fruits of the summer harvest of humanity.

Prophetic Fulfillment

Why is this important? It is important because, on this particular Feast of Weeks, the prophetic and symbolic  meaning of the leaven loaves  of wheat bread that were offered on this feast  day are fulfilled  in those who  receive the holy spirit of  adoption  as sons of God the Father in his spiritual family.

"But this is what was spoken of by the prophet Joel; And it  will come  to pass in the last days, says God, I will pour out of  my spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and daughters shall prophecy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men  shall dream  dreams:  And on my servants and on my handmaidens  I  will pour  out  in those days of my spirit; and they shall  prophesy" (Acts 2:16-18 Para.). See Joel 2:28, 32; Isa.44:3.

The giving of the holy spirit on this day of Pentecost was  only the  beginning of the prophecy of Joel; the last half of  this prophecy  will be fulfilled through the power of the spirit  just before the first resurrection and return of Jesus  Christ  as King  of  kings and Lord of lords. See our study papers on  this subject.

Peter's Powerful Sermon

As  the people listened to Peter speak about the prophecies, God  the Father caused many who stood there to understand the events surrounding this Pentecost in  relation to their own personal salvation.

"Now when they heard this, they were pricked in their heart,  and said to Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men and  brethren, what shall we do? Then  Peter said to them, Repent, and be baptized every  one  of you  in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of  sins,  and you shall receive the gift of the holy spirit. For the promise is to you, and to your children, and to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our God shall call" (Acts 2:37-39 KJV). See also Deut.28:14-15; Rom.11:27-29.

There are four very important things to learn from these  verses:

1. After Peter had finished explaining the prophecies about the coming of the holy spirit and the murder of Jesus who was the prophesied Messiah, he exhorted them to repent of their evil deeds.

2. Through  the preaching of Peter, God the Father  revealed  to these people the prophetic significance of the Passover that had just  been observed and the events that were happening at  that moment in time.

There  can  be  little doubt that some of those  whom  Peter  addressed  understood that they had participated in the murder  of their Messiah and Savior just as the prophesies had foretold. In great fear and shame, they asked Peter, "What shall we do?"

3. Peter gave them a method by which they could have  their sins forgiven and be transformed into sons of God:

4. Peter explains that this call to repent, be baptized, and receive  the holy spirit is made by God the Father to  those  he specifically  calls and chooses to give an opportunity for salvation:

"With  many  other words he [Peter] warned them; and  he  pleaded with them, "Save yourselves from this corrupt generation."  Those who accepted his message were baptized, and about three thousand were  added to their number that day" (Acts 2:40-41 NIV).

"And the  Lord  added  to the church daily those who should  be  saved" (Acts 2 47 Para).

On this Day of Pentecost:

Pentecost a Day of Transformation

It  is  very important to firmly establish in one's mind  that  the  New Testament writers were inspired to repeatedly record the great differences between the physical and the spirit worlds, and that  a human cannot enter into the spirit world unless they  are completely changed into spirit.

On  this day of Pentecost, the first step in the process  of being transformed from a mortal human into an immortal God being was begun  for those who were found to be under the redemptive power of the  sacrificial blood of Jesus Christ.

Standard and Optional Equipment

The Standard Equipment

The  first human life-form is a physical creation with only  the spirit  of  man. This spirit of man is human and lives  within  a flesh and blood body.  The human spirit is standard equipment; it is  the intellect that allows the human life-form to  exist on  a higher   plane  than  the  rest  of the physical creation. See  Gen.2:7-8; Deut.32:18; Job 33:4, 6; Ecc.12:5-7; Zech.12:1.

The Optional Equipment

The optional equipment in man is the Father's holy spirit. It is this spirit  that transforms humans into sons of God and makes them  a part of his divine family.

At  the time of spiritual transformation, the Father places his holy spirit into the spirit of man, which causes a human being to become a different life-form. The original spirit of man is merged with the spirit of God  and becomes  a new spirit-being—a new and different creation.  It is  unlike the original creation because it has the potential to  have eternal  life  and become immortal as a member of the  Family  of God.   Man's spirit alone does not have this potential  and  humans can only  exist as sentient beings in the physical  dimension. The addition  of God's spirit transforms the human spirit into a  new creation with entirely new potential.

The Beginning of a New Life

The Day of Pentecost is symbolic of the ending of one's old life and the beginning of one's new  life as a son of God.

In the  baptismal  waters, the  old human life-form symbolically dies. During this ceremony, the person is purged of all sin by the power  of  God through the sacrifice of Christ and  is  released from their  death sentence. Upon being baptized  with  the  holy spirit, the old person literally dies and ceases to exist as God the Father merges his spirit with the human spirit. The  baptized person with God's spirit is a new creation, a  son of God, with the same genetic make-up as other members of the Family of God. Although still physically alive and in the physical form of a human, a converted spirit filled person is a new creature.  See Rom.6:4-9:

"For in that he died, he died to sin once: but in that he  lives, he  lives to God. Likewise reckon you also yourselves to be  dead indeed  to sin, but alive to God through Jesus Christ our  Lord" (Rom.6:10-11 KJV). See Rom.8:1-16.

As Christ is dead to sin, so are those of the New Creation;  they can consider themselves  to  have already obtained immortality. All that they must do  to ensure that they will enter into eternity and immortality after the death of the physical body  is to continue to obey God and follow his ways.

God the Father and Jesus Christ possess the highest form of life: immortality  on the divine plane of existence. This kind of  life springs  forth  from itself; it is not dependent upon  any  other source  to sustain it because it is self-sustaining. It is  this kind of life that those of the New Creation have the opportunity  to have through the power of the spirit of God that  resides within them.

The Spirit of Adoption

"For as many as are led by the spirit of God, these are the  sons of  God.  For you did not receive a spirit of  slavery  again  to fear,  but  you received a spirit of adoption by  which  we cry, Abba! Father!  The spirit himself (itself)  witnesses  with  our spirit that we are children of God.  And if children, also heirs; truly  heirs  of  God, and joint heirs of Christ;  if  indeed  we suffer  together, that  we  may  also  be  glorified   together" (Rom.6:14-17 KJV).

When  a person is transformed from the original  human  creation into  the New Creation by the power of God's spirit, that  person becomes a child of God in the Family of God.

The  reason  that God's spirit is a witness of a person  being  a child  of God is that the spirit of God has merged  with  the human  spirit, which produces the New Creature: a  composite of the spirit of man and the spirit of God. Jesus Christ  was one (the first) of these new creations before being resurrected to eternal  life  and immortality.

The Third Step

The  day  of Pentecost in 30 A.D. represents the  third  of  four steps in the process of transforming a human from a  lower physical life-form (Heb.2:5-8) into a higher spiritual life-form:

The Divine Nature

On the Day of Pentecost, through the Father's spirit-power, his new  children were made partakers of his divine nature:

"Grace  to you, and peace be multiplied by the full knowledge  of God,  and of Jesus our Lord. As his divine power has given to  us all  things  pertaining to life and godliness, through the  full knowledge  of  the One calling us through glory  and  virtue,  by which means he has given to us the very great and precious  promises, so that through these you might be partakers of the  divine nature,  escaping  from  the corruption in  the  world  by  lust" (2.Pet.1:3-4 Para.).

Revelation Through the Spirit

In addition to all the other events that occurred on this particular Festival Day, the  Day  of Pentecost in 30 A.D. was the day on  which  God began  to reveal the understanding of the prophecies, mysteries, and time tables concerning his plan for the salvation of  humanity.

Paul  says  that it is by the power of God's  spirit  that  these hidden mysteries are revealed because this spirit has access to all knowledge. See 1.Cor.2:9-10; Dan.12:9-10.

1.Corinthians 2:11-14 KJV

"For  who among men knows the things of a man, except the  spirit of  man  within him? So also no one has known the things  of  God except the spirit of God. But we have not received the spirit  of the  world, but the spirit from God; that we may know the  things freely  given to us by God. Which things we also speak,  not  in words  taught  in human wisdom, but in words taught of  the  holy spirit, comparing spiritual things with spiritual things" (vs.11-13).

Paul  reminds the Corinthians that they are not human  as  others are human, but they have been given the spirit of God. They are a new creation and have been given access to knowledge and understanding  from  God. This understanding includes God's  plan  for the salvation of humanity, who and what God is, and many other things  pertaining to the spirit realm.

"But  a natural man does not receive the things of the spirit  of God, for they are foolishness to him, and he is not able to  know them, because they are spiritually discerned" (v14).

A human with only the spirit of man cannot receive or understand the  things of God because they are of the original  human creation. The elect of God, however, are not of the original  creation;  they are a new and different creation, which has  both  the spirit  of  man and the spirit of God combined to make a  different creature.

Spirit Power Given

"You  have seen these prophecies come true. And now I  will  send the  holy  spirit upon you, just as my  Father  promised.   Don't begin telling others yet—stay here in the city until the holy spirit comes and fills you with power from heaven"  (Lk.24:48-49 LBP).

"And these signs shall follow them that believe. In my name  they shall  cast out devils; they shall speak with new  tongues;  They shall take up serpents; and if they shall drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands upon the sick,  and they shall recover" (Mk.16:17-18 KJV).

"But  you shall receive power, after that the holy spirit is  come upon  you: and you shall witness unto me both in  Jerusalem,  and Judea,  and in Samaria, and to the uttermost parts of the  earth" (Acts 1:8 KJV).

The Early Church

The  Elect did go forth evangelizing and spreading the  truth  of God concerning the Kingdom of God and salvation. Their  spiritual zeal literally changed the course of history (Mk.16:20). However, it was not in the plan of God to save the whole world during Jesus' lifetime nor during the apostolic era of the church. See  Isa.6:8-10; Matt.10:34-36; 13:10-15; Mk.4:11-12; Lk.8:9-10.

Few people realize  the awesome power that was placed in the  hands  of these early Christians on this Day of Pentecost, and few people understand the  freedom with  which these Christians were authorized to use this power. There are  at least  21  distinct authorizations of  spiritual and physical gifts noted in the New Testament that were given to the organized  and unified Body of Christ. See our study paper on the spirit of God.

Each  of these authorizations was to be used to build the  early church into a powerful and dynamic force: "For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry,  for the edifying of the Body" (Eph.4:12-13 Para.). See  also 1.Cor.12:8-10; 28-30; Rom.12:3-8; Eph.4:7-11.

There are many accounts in the New Testament of the Apostles  and others  using  their powerful authorizations of spirit-power  to perform  their commission to preach the gospel of Christ and  the Kingdom of God. See Acts 3:43; 5:1-15; 6:8; 13:8-11; 15:12.

The  apostles  and  others performed miraculous  works  at  their own discretion using the power given to them on the Day of Pentecost.  However,  as dynamic and powerful as the people were, they ceased  to exist as a powerful organized entity.     

After the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D., and following  the death of John, the organized preaching of the gospel on a  powerful basis ceased as prophesied. See Jn.16:1-3.

The  concentrated spiritual and physical power of the 'holy  people'  dissipated, which made an organized, powerful work  impossible. From that time to now, there has been very little recorded about the true Elect of God.  The only remaining records of  them were those of their enemies.

Greater Power to Come

The great work that was begun on the day of Pentecost in 30 A.D. will be completed in the end of the age through this same spirit power. Only, this  time, the power that is authorized will be unlimited:

"And I will   also  pour out my spirit on the slaves  and  on  the slave-girls in those days. And I will give signs in the  heavens, and in the earth: blood, and fire, and columns of smoke. The sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood,  before  the coming  of  the great and awesome day of the Lord"  (Joel 2:29-32 Para.).

Just before Jesus Christ returns, the dynamic  power  of the holy spirit will again be manifested through the children  of God (both men and women) as they complete their commission that began on the Festival of Pentecost in 30 A.D..

These  are the elect who will have the ability to defy  the  very laws  of  the  physical universe through the power  of  the  holy spirit. No spiritual or physical power will be able to stop  them from performing their God-given task until it is accomplished.

The Prophet Habbakkuk:

"Behold you among the heathen, and regard, and wonder marvelously: for I will work a work in your days, you will not believe, though it were told" (Hab.1:5). See also verses 1-4.

The  apostle Paul issued a prophetic warning to those of his  day and those in the future in regard to Habakkuk's prophecy:

"Beware therefore, lest that come on you, which is spoken of in the prophets; Behold, you despisers, and wonder, and perish:  for I  work a work in your days, a work which you in no wise believe, though a man declare it to you" (Acts 13:40-41).

Jesus also spoke of a people who would use the power of the  holy spirit in a greater way than he did:

"Truly,  truly, I say to you, he that believes on me,  the  works that I do he shall also do, and greater works than these he shall do; because  I  go to the Father. And whatever you ask  in my name, I will do it, that the Father may be glorified  in  the son.  If  you  ask any thing in my  name,  I  will do  it" (Jn.14:12-14 Para.).

As powerful as the apostolic era of the church was, they did  not do  a greater work than Jesus. They did perform many great  acts, miracles, and a powerful witness, but none were greater than the works of Jesus.

Just Before Christ Returns

Just before the return of Christ, the elect of God will  do this greater work; they will do a greater work because they  will have the kind of faith, power, and protection necessary to accomplish a greater work.

Who are These People?

"To the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These are  the words  of him who is holy and true, who holds the key  of  David. What he opens no one can shut, and what he shuts no one can open. I  know  your deeds. See, I have placed before you an  open  door that no one can shut. I know that you have a little strength, yet you  have kept my word and have not denied my name. I  will  make those  who  are of the synagogue of Satan, who claim to  be Jews though  they are not, but are liars—I will make them  to  come and fall down at your feet and acknowledge that I have loved you" (Rev.3:7-10 NIV).

These are the elect of God who will comprise the organized,  unified,  powerful  Body  of Christ at the very end of the  age,  and they will complete  the  commission that was given to those of  the early church. Notice that Jesus grants them so much power that 'no one can stop them' from accomplishing their task.

They will perform such powerful works and be such a powerful witness that a great number of people will  be converted and obtain salvation. Through  the power of the holy spirit, this church will devastate the religions and governments of this world at the climactic end of human rule.

SUMMARY

The following three things distinguish the Day of Pentecost in 30 A.D. from all others before and since:

1. On  this  festival day, the spirit of the Sovereign  Father, the spirit of Christ, and the Father's holy spirit were placed within those whom the Father chose to become the first sons of his new creation. See 1.Jn.14:9-11,23; 10:34-38; Lk.24:46-49.

2. The  place where God chose to be worshiped was  transferred from the Temple at Jerusalem to temples of flesh (Jn.4:19-20), which is evidenced by the tongues of fire and  the miracle  of  languages for preaching the Father's good news message. Since this Pentecost,  the earthly temple of God and the place where his presence has dwelled is within his children wherever they are on this earth. See 1.Cor.3:17; 6:19; 2.Cor.6:16.

3. The New Covenant was established (Jer.31:31-34;  Heb.8:8-10).

By B. L. Cocherell, file b5w52